Our History and Traditions

Be part of an enduring line or tradition and leadership

Evidence suggests that modern Freemasonry originated in the practices of operative stone masons during the middle ages. The gatherings of operative masons were primarily concerned with developing, acknowledging, and testing the skill of its members, and establishing regulations. There were also ceremonies in which new members swore an obligation to abide by moral codes, regulations and not to bring the craft into disrepute.

Over time ceremonies began to include allegories based around the building of King Solomon’s Temple, which were used as a means to convey moral lessons. The masons’ tools themselves were used as symbols, the contemplation of which allowed the mason to reflect on these lessons while he worked. As the operative masons’ guilds diminished, the fraternal aspects and lessons of moral philosophy continued on to become “speculative” masonry, or Freemasonry, the organisation we have today.

One of the aspects of Freemasonry that draws many men to become involved is its rich heritage and symbolism. Ancient documents trace the evolution of its ideas from antiquity to the middle ages to the present day.

Our rituals and symbols

Masonic ritual is used to instruct new candidates in the teachings of Freemasonry. Our lessons are primarily broken down into the three initiatory ceremonies known as degrees. To ensure the candidate gets to experience and appreciate each degree at its optimum, he is kept in the dark about it until he experiences it first hand.

This is one of the main reasons Freemasons conduct their meetings in private. We don’t want to spoil the journey of our three degrees for those who have yet to participate. It would be like telling you how a movie ends as you are watching it.

During these degree ceremonies, Freemasons use the metaphors of stonemasons’ tools and implements, against the allegorical backdrop of the building of King Solomon’s Temple, to convey “a system of morality veiled in allegory and illustrated by symbols.”

Square and compass

The square and compasses is the most widely recognised symbol of Freemasonry. It can be seen on Lodge buildings, on Masonic regalia and other items worn by Freemasons. The square symbolises morality and the compasses symbolise the boundaries of right conduct. Sometimes the letter ‘G’ is found within the square and compasses.

Masonic Apron

The apron is another ancient symbol and has many historical references, which become clear to the Freemason as he progresses on his Masonic journey. It is symbolic of the ancient stonemasons’ aprons and the style of apron changes according to rank.


These blocks of stone are seen in both their rough-hewn and smooth forms symbolising the raw material of each man and his development as a true and fitting member of the community who achieves the best he can be.

“Freemasonry is founded on the immutable laws of Truth and Justice and its grand object is to promote the happiness of the human race.” - George Washington